Definition – WASTE MANAGEMENT is the set of processes and methodologies to manage the entire cycle of waste, aiming at reducing their effects on human health and their impact on the environment. It comprehends different stages: collection, transportation, treatment (recycling or disposal) and reuse of waste materials.
WASTE MANAGEMENT: GENERAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
Directive 94/62/EC on Packaging and Packaging Waste
This Directive aims to harmonise national measures in order to prevent or reduce the impact of packaging and packaging waste on the environment and to ensure the functioning of the Internal Market. It contains provisions on the prevention of packaging waste, on the re-use of packaging and on the recovery and recycling of packaging waste.
Council Directive 99/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste
The objective of the Directive is to prevent or reduce as far as possible negative effects on the environment from the landfilling of waste, by introducing stringent technical requirements for waste and landfills.
Directive 2008/98/EC: sets the basic concepts and definitions related to waste management, such as definitions of waste, recycling, recovery.